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Turbo History Turbo Theory Principles of Turbocharging Common Terms Advantages Development Recommendations Turbine Bearing system Compressor Control System Intercooler Theory A/R Explained Compressor Maps Selecting a Compressor Compressor Formulas Turbocharged Camshafts Turbo Placement Basic Turbo System Turbo Troubleshooting. The real breakthrough in passenger car turbocharging was achieved in 1978 with the introduction of the first turbocharged diesel engine passenger car in the Mercedes-Benz 300 SD, followed by the VW Golf Turbodiesel in 1981. By means of the turbocharger, the diesel engine passenger car’s efficiency could be increased, with almost petrol engine “driveability”, and the emissions significantly reduced. A turbo charger is basically an exhaust gas driven air compressor and can be best understood if it is divided into its two basic parts, the exhaust gas driven turbine and its housing, and the air compressor and its housing. Principles of Turbocharging To better understand the technique of turbocharging, it is useful to be familiar with the internal combustion engine’s principles of operation. Increase in engine rpm Another possibility for increasing the engine’s power output is to increase its speed. This is done by increasing the number of firing strokes per time unit. Advantages of Exhaust Gas Turbocharging, The high-altitude performance of a turbocharged engine is significantly better. Because of the lower air pressure at high altitudes, the power loss of a naturally aspirated engine is considerable. Failure diagnosis If the engine does not operate properly, one should not assume that the turbocharger is the cause of failure. It often happens that fully functioning turbochargers are replaced even though the failure does not lie here, but with the engine.
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